Used mostly for riding and carting in the Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region, the Sanhe breed is considered among the
best developed Chinese horse breeds. The name "Sanhe" means
three rivers in Chinese.
In 1904 and 1905, Russian Zabaikal horses were moved through
Baikal and were bred with the local horses. Later, in 1917,
Orlov and Bechuk horses were brought in by Russian settlers.
The Japanese created a stud farm and between 1934 and 1945,
records of Anglo-Arab, American Trotter and Thoroughbred horses
were bred. The cross breeding of the horses resulted in the
SCHLESWIGER HEAVY DRAFT HORSE
Originating in the north of Germany, the Schleswiger Heavy
Draft is middle size and weight and served as a working horse
until the 1960's. At this time, it is considered an endangered
domestic animal breed.
The schleswiger Heavy Draft horse stands about 154 cm tall
at the withers, with the stallions typically being larger
than the mares. They have strong legs and round, quality hooves.
Their backs are short but well muscled, and their head is
short with a broad forehead. Most Schleswiger's are chestnut
in color, but some are black, bay or grey. They have a fair
amount of speed when they walk and trot. The most notable
characteristic of Schleswiger Heavy Draft horses is their
willingness to learn and their versatility. There are no feeding
problems known to this breed.
History of Schleswiger Heavy Draft Horses
The breeders association of Schleswig Holstein decided in
1888 to separate breeding of warm blooded and heavy horses.
A new society was formed in 1891, called the Schleswiger Horse
Breeders Society. It was through the introduction of various
horse breeds, including the Holstein, Oldenburger and Suffolk
Punch that it was realised the desired breeding results could
not be fulfilled. So in 1862, Jutland stallions were imported
in order to improve the breeding.
SCHWARZWALDER FUCHS HORSE
Sometimes referred to as Black Forest, the Schwarzwalder
Fuchs breed originated in the Black Forest in southern Germany.
The breed is small and hardy draft horses used in the highlands.
They are able to thrive in cold and long winters.
In modern times, the Schwarzwalder Fuchs is used for coach
horse and riding. They are extremely fertile, and live long
lives. Most are colored sorrel with a light mane and tail
and weigh about 500 kg.
SELLE FRANCAIS HORSE
What some consider sport horse perfection, the Selle Francais
is athletic, muscular, intelligent, strong and have a tractable
disposition. They win awards in show jumping, but they also
excel in eventing and dressage competitions.
The breeding program for Selle Francais horses is aggressive
and intense. The breed was created by the French by crossing
sturdy native horses with Thoroughbred stallions. French AngloArab
and the French Trotter horse breeds were introduced into the
breeding for intelligence, energy and agility.
In 1990, the North American Selle Francais Horse Association
was created by the French National stud in order to register
the Selle Francais horse breeds in North America. There is
an annual inspection of breeding stallions and the registry
provides information to the public about the breed.
Shagya breed of horses are used for riding and pulling carriages.
It's among the Arabian breed, but is very rare and therefore
not known worldwide. Shagya was first developed about 150
or 200 years ago- from military stud farms of the Austro-Hungarian
monarchy. They originated from purebred, desert living Arabians,
and lived a fairly isolated life. Today's shagya's are not
as pure as previous generations because of consolidation in
Shagya's are elegant and born with a friendliness towards
humans. They have the advantages known to Bedouin Arabian
horses, including hardiness, endurance, toughness and being
easy to keep. Shagya's meet the requirements of good riding
horses; they are tall, have smooth and comfortable movements
for riding, and jump well.
When shagya's were developed, their purpose was to provide
military with a good riding horse as well as carriage horses,
and a breed that would supply breeding stallions that could
be used to improve other breeds of horses. They were created
in the Austro-Hungarian military stud farms, mostly in Babolna,
Piber, and Radautz; but also in Bulgaria, Romania and czechoslovakia.
In addition to being military horses, Shagya's were also
used by European royalty.
About the Author
Phillipe Wiskell is a writer for HorseClicks.com, popular
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