The Morab breed of horse is a selectively bred equine that
combines the finest traits of two treasured and well documented
breeds, the Morgan horse and the Arabian horse, to form the
best of both parent breeds. It has been the dream horse of
breeders since the 1800's. The combination of the Arabian
and Morgan characteristics is genetically complementary and
gives a refined, muscular, graceful horse with enhanced beauty
Crosses between breeds can produce foals that look nothing
like their own siblings or like the other crossbred foals
down the road. But this is not true of the Morab. First generation
Morabs have a consistently uniform look, with some degree
of refinement with very little change shown in the second,
third, forth, and even fifth generation of Morabs. In fact,
they transmit their characteristics with such a high degree
of certainty to their progeny that it is possible to predict
with incredible accuracy what the successive generations of
foals will look like, and what traits they are likely to inherit.
It is this ability of Morabs to transmit their distinguishing
characteristics to their progeny, called prepotency”, which
makes the Morab a distinct breed from the very first generation,
rather than just a nice cross bred horse.
Only the first generation Morabs can be triple breed registered.
They are eligible for Morab registration, Half Morgan registration
in the Archival Morgan Record, and Half Arabian registration
in the Half Arabian Registry (IAHA), even though they are
technically neither half Morgan nor half Arab. In addition,
many are eligible for registration in the various color registries
such as Pinto, Palomino and Buckskin, and also as American
Warmbloods. Successive generations of Morabs, bred Morab to
Morab, are no longer eligible for either half registry, but
they continue to be registerable in the aforementioned specialty
registries, as well as in the Morab registry.
Although the Morab's official status as a distinct breed
began in 1973 with the establishment of the first Morab registry,
its history traces back as far as the original Morgan horse,
Justin Morgan, who can be traced back to the Godolphin Arabian.
The Morab history appears to have begun in the west and comes
from both the Arabian horse side of the story, and the Morgan
horse side, but there has been limited information prior to
When the 1857 book The Morgan Horse , by D. C. Lindsley came
out, a lot of background was filled in. In his book he stated
that when mares of Morgan blood could not be obtained, mares
possessing a strain of racing or Arabian blood could be considered;
and he specifically recommended 1/8 to 1/4 Arabian blood as
suitable. Because of this statement, there were many Morgan/Arab
crosses registered in the American Morgan Horse Association
registry prior to 1948. After that date outcrosses were no
History's first recorded Morab was bred in 1855. This stallion
was named Golddust and he had great merit because his sire
was a Vermont Morgan and his dam was an unregistered Hoke
mare that said to be by Zicaaldi, a chestnut Arabian stallion
presented by the Sultan to the United States Consul, Mr. Rhind,
and imported by him. Golddust was pure gold in color, stood
16 hands and weighed in at 1275 pounds. He was never defeated
in the show ring at the trot, and it was rumored that he could
cover 6 miles per hour at the flat walk. No other stallion
of his time produced better horses.
Golddust was recorded as Morab #69 in the Morgan Registry
when provisions for recording the Morgan/Arabian crosses were
made in both the early Morgan and Arabian Registries. However,
this was discontinued in the Arabian Horse Club Registry around
World War I just before International Arabian Horse Association
formed in the 1940's and began registering only purebred Arabians.
Unfortunately, with that change, those earlier records were
lost, but according to the IMR records, over 100 of today's
Morabs can trace back to Golddust. The connection to him passes
through their pedigrees in great numbers primarily through
the 103 progeny of Flyhawk MHA7526.
After that, little is recorded about Morabs until the 1920's,
when the famous publisher, William Randolph Hearst, had a
short lived Morgan breeding program which included breeding
Morabs for use in the mountainous terrain of the Hearst Ranch.
Hearst is credited with coining the term Morab . He registered
18 Morabs and some of them were registered as Morgans with
the Sunical prefix, under the now extinct outcross rule of
the American Morgan Horse Association (AMHA).
The first Morab registry, the American Morab Horse Association
Inc. (a closed corporation where members had no vote) was
founded by Ilene Miller in 1973 and was also called Morab
Horse Registry of America, which was often shortened to “Clovis”
for the California town where it was located. When she died
in 1980, this first registry rapidly faded away. In 1976,
The Hearst Memorial Morab Horse Registry was started, and
registered 50 horses. With the retirement of the founders,
the Hearst Registry merged with the North American Morab Horse
Association (NAMHA) that was formed in Wisconsin after Mrs.
Miller's death. NAMHA accepted all Clovis horses and began
registering as many Morabs as they could find. The first Morab
registered by NAMHA was in 1984.
The International Morab Breeders' Association (IMBA) was
founded in 1986 as a full service breed association and registry
for Morabs and half Morabs, and incorporated in 1987 by Morab
horse breeders who wanted an organized way to promote their
horses. The International Morab Registry (IMR) then started
in 1992, and represents the Morab breed back to 1973. The
IMR requires documented Arabian and Morgan bloodlines and
allows a horse to be no more than 75 Arabian to 25 Morgan,
or vice versa.
So, just what are the characteristics that make the average
950 to 1200 pound Morab that ranges from 14.1 hands to 15.2
hands in the variety of colors and markings common to both
Morgans and Arabians so magnificent?
For starters, the Arabian's skeleton is different from other
horse breeds in that it has fewer bones. It has 17 ribs, while
other horses have 18; it has 5 lumbar vertebrae, while other
horses have 6; and it has 16 tall vertebrae while other horses
have 18. This skeleton was also passed onto the Morab, so
there are only two breeds with this distinct and unusual skeletal
The Arabian's powerful lungs and endurance capacity, combined
with the broad, powerful chest of the Morgan, gives the Morab
a naturally superior breathing system for enhanced endurance
and stamina. The shorter back in the Morab, combined with
the longer croup of the Morgan, gives the Morab a natural
athletic ability, great strength and a smooth gait which enables
them to excel in competitive and endurance riding, dressage,
jumping and as a cutting horse.
The head of the Morab may be straight or slightly dished
with a large powerful jaw in contrast to a small muzzle with
large nostrils. A wide forehead sets off the Morab's large
expressive eyes. The body is compact, well muscled, stylish
and smooth. The Morgan genes add a thick, luxuriant mane and
tail to the Morab, which balances out the breed's muscular
build. Many breeders report that their Morabs are never shod
and require minimum hoof trimming.
Its intelligent, dependable and affectionate nature is the
Morab's most valued quality. When the people loving nature
of the spirited Arabian is added, the breed cannot be beat
in temperament and it is an easy horse to train and handle.
In fact, the refined, sculpted beauty of the Arabian, joined
with the Morgan's dramatic natural style and stamina, creates
an elegant yet powerful horse that makes it is easy to see
why Morab owners treasure their horses and usually keep them
Author Resource:-> Crystal is a writer for http://www.HorseClicks.com,
classifieds of Morab Horses for sale